Every year around 70 people are killed in accidents involving vehicles at work. This includes accidents with fork lift trucks, cars, vans and heavy goods vehicles. In addition there are thousands of major injuries. The main types of accidents usually involve people being struck by, run over, falling from vehicles or being struck by objects which have fallen from a vehicle. Many accidents also occur when vehicles are reversing. Poor site layout is often a main factor in this type of accident.
Vehicle reversing is a dangerous operation due primarily to restricted vision. Such operations should be eliminated where possible. This can often be achieved by improving the lay out and design of the workplace. Can a one way system be used? As this may eliminate the need for reversing and as such eliminates the risk.
There is no set formula to follow that will create a safe system of work. The only way is to identify all the risks and decide on how to tackle them. The aim is to evaluate all hazards within the activities of the project and to formulate a specific traffic management plan. When considering the risk of an accident caused by a vehicle on site, especially one that may be reversing.
Meeting those standards should ensure the necessary levels of protection to the site workers, visitors, member of the public and to surrounding buildings, plant and equipment.
Key Stages in a Site Management Plan
1. HAZARD IDENTIFICATION
• Shared space for workers and plant travelling on site
• Restricted space in which to manoeuvre on site
• Vehicles or plant striking site operatives, visitors, property or structures whilst travelling on site
• Vehicles or plant striking site operatives, Members or the public, vehicles, property or structures, whilst driving across the footpaths and road
• Telehandler or loads striking site operatives, members of the public, other vehicles, property or structures, whilst unloading / Loading Vehicles
Unloading/loading of delivery vehicles on site by self contained HIAB.
2. TYPICAL CONTROLS
Any vehicle reversing, entering or leaving site must be guided by the traffic Banksman.
ALL Delivery drivers to report to site office on arrival
24 hr notice to be given to site for all deliveries/collections
PPE (hard hat, steel cap boots and hi viz) to worn by drivers when on site or in the loading bay/area.
Construction plant operating on site to have working amber lights operational at all times and to be fitted with ROPS where applicable.
Deliveries only allowed between:- ….. & …
Banksman to keep Vehicles and pedestrians clear of vehicles and plant entering/leaving site.
Banksman to keep operatives and visitors away from vehicles and plant during loading / unloading, reversing and distributing loads to high level loading bays.
HIAB, telehandler and plant operators to be certificated and competent.
Vehicle gates to be kept closed when not in use, to deny unauthorised access.
Segregated pedestrian access routes where possible.
Unload/load on site
The vehicle will drive or reverse onto site where loading/unloading will commence. This will be either by hand, self contained HIAB, Telehandler or tower crane.
Unload/load from the loading bay
Once all the required signage and barriers have been erected, the vehicle will be unloaded either by crane (flat bed wagon) or Telehandler (curtain sided wagon). The banksman and assistants, where needed, are to ensure persons do not enter the loading bay during loading and that road vehicles do not pass the loading bay/delivery vehicle during the placement and lifting of loads.
Pedestrians are to have priority at all times. Where possible, the minimum of disruption should be caused to road traffic.
Distribution of loads around site
Where possible, loading bays and storage areas should be barrier to deny pedestrian access and signage erected. Where this is not possible the Banksman must be in attendance when there is the risk of persons walking behind plant or vehicles when reversing, or under loads being landed or collected at height.
3. FURTHER CONSIDERATIONS
Your may also need to consider your plan covering the following issues:-
Areas where there is limited headroom /
Any Local traffic
Reversing Aids Available
Driver Rules for your own and visiting drivers
What’s the best time for deliveries and collection.
Do you need to carry out security checks for vehicles leaving the site
Where can materials be stored
Parking of work and employee vehicles
Emergency access for emergency vehicles